Types of Headache
This chart may help you to understand what type of headache you have. If you have more than one type of headache, this chart may be harder to use. Also, not every patient fits neatly into one category, so your headache may act differently from what you see here. If you have your history taken by our experts, the clinical impression will be more accurate.
Caution: without a physical examination by your physician and appropriate testing, an accurate diagnosis and effective treatment are not possible.
|Migraine with Aura (MA)||Migraine without Aura (MoA)||Chronic Migraine (CM)||Tension-Type Headache (TTHA)||Cluster Headache (Cluster)||Other Cause|
|More common in||Female||Female||Female||Female > Male||Male||Male = Female|
|Pain type||Throbbing||Throbbing||Mixed||Steady||Steady pressure||Fluctuating|
|Pain intensity||Variable||Moderate to Severe||Moderate to Severe||Mild to Moderate||Excruciating||Steadily increases over time|
|Pain side||One-sided||One-sided||Both sides||Both sides||One-sided||Always same location|
|Frequency||1-6 days per month||1-6 days per month||15-30 days per month||1-7 days per week||1-4 times per day for 3-8 weeks||Steadily increases over time|
|Duration||4 to 72 hours||4 to 72 hours||4 to 24 hours||1 to 24 hours||45 minutes to 3 hours||Steadily increases over time|
|Nausea||Yes||Yes||Yes||No||No||Variable, depending on cause|
|Aura present||Yes||No||Sometimes||No||No||Usually no|
|Disability||Sometimes||Yes||Yes||No||Briefly||Steadily increases over time|
|Time of day||Any time||Early morning||All day||Any time||Evening & awakens at 1-3 am||Can awaken from sleep|
|Menstrually related||Not often||Yes||Yes||No||No||No|
For a more accurate clinical impression and treatment suggestions, you should take ProMyHealth's headache questionnaire.